Frank Heart, who was inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame in 2014 for leading the team that built the first routing computer for the Arpanet, the precursor to the Internet, died June 24th in Lexington, Mass. He was 89.
Examining Heart’s historic contribution, Katie Hafner writes for The New York Times, “In 1969, Mr. Heart led a small team of talented young engineers to build the Interface Message Processor, or I.M.P., a computer whose special function was to switch data among the computers on the Arpanet. To this day, many of the principles Mr. Heart emphasized — reliability, error resistance and the capacity for self-correction — remain central to the internet’s robustness."
Heart entered the computer age in 1950 as an MIT student working on MIT’s Whirlwind computer. Whirlwind occupied most of a small building and was less powerful than today’s handheld devices. Later, Whirlwind came under the aegis of MIT’s Lincoln Laboratory, and Heart spent the next 15 years at Lincoln, working on the Sage air defense system and on numerous projects connecting computers to real-time data sources, before moving to Bolt Beranek and Newman, where he built first I...
The developer of the Internet’s first widely used search engine says he sees the Internet’s rapid development as a mixed bag.
A native of Barbados, Alan Emtage launched Archie in 1990 while working on a post-graduate degree at Montreal’s McGill University. Derived from “archive,” the site was basically a database of web file names that could be matched with a user’s query.
Emtage was inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame in September and is the first honoree to hail from the Caribbean. He currently splits his time between the United States and his home country.
In an interview with Yello, Emtage said the expansion of the Internet has become a double-edged sword. Although it has facilitated more opportunities for personal growth and development, it has also fostered a greater sense of isolation in real life for many users.
“It’s created some amazing things and allowed communities, for example, people suffering with rare diseases to get in touch with each other and realise that they’...
Mike Jensen began his career studying the impact of acid rain pollution in the 1980s. But he abandoned his research when it became apparent that dealing with the problem required a more informed public rather than more articles in scientific journals.
So, he first switched fields to journalism, and then to electronic communications, when these tools became accessible to the public in the early 1990s. Since then, he has spent almost 30 years working with innovative new technologies and business and policy models for bringing the Internet to isolated regions and developing countries.
His activities have taken him to more than 40 countries, mostly in Africa, where he has helped establish Internet-based communications systems. This work earned him a spot as a Global Connector in the 2017 Internet Hall of Fame.
Unlike many fellow IHOF members, however, his career path has been less traditional. He didn’t study computer science or math, instead earning his bachelor’s degree in biology at Queens University, Belfast, in Northern Ireland, and then going to Canada to work on his master’s degree at the University of Guelph.
After waking up at 2 a.m. one night to the realization that his acid rain research would likely have little impact, his move to journalism was driven by the need to raise broader awareness of the problem. He began by volunteering at the local community radio station and newspaper in the small town of Guelph outside of Toronto, where he...
With a background in cybersecurity and artificial intelligence, Shigeki Goto sees a natural partnership between the two disciplines.
The current president of Japan’s National Internet Registry, Goto helped develop the network in the mid 1980s after a stint at Stanford University. The registry, in turn, led to the formation of the Asia Pacific Network Information Center, a non-profit address registry for more than two dozen countries along the Pacific Rim.
A 2017 inductee into the Internet Hall of Fame, Goto is also the chairman of the Cybersecurity Research & Development Strategy Committee of Japan’s National Information Security Center.
Goto said he hopes AI developers will soon collaborate more with cybersecurity experts to facilitate research and faster data processing.
“We need sharing of data,” Goto said. “The one positive side of AI is that many people still believe that if we collect the data, we can do something with it.
“We should be sharing the information so we can prevent bad incidents.”
Everything old is new again for Internet Hall of Fame inductee Ed Krol.
The author of “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Internet,” one of the earliest non-technical guidebooks, and “The Whole Internet” book series, Krol helped create the web’s early infrastructure through the development of regional networks.
He also laid the foundation for the Federation of American Research Networks, which promoted networking development among public sector professionals and those in higher education.
Worried about Internet access becoming a political issue, Krol compared the status of net neutrality to efforts by telephone companies in his tech career’s early days. In the 1980s, telephone companies frequently balked at allocating telephone lines and bandwidth to upstart Internet networks, claiming a greater need for consumer and business landlines.
“We need to be able to protect the ability of innovators to use the Internet in a way they see fit while not being constrained by a competing business interest.”
Watch our full with Ed Krol interview below: