At the Internet Hall of Fame induction ceremony in August 2013, Anne-Marie Eklund Löwinder described herself as a “very, very stubborn lady,” and indeed it was stubbornness (others would call it persistence) that she believes facilitated her Hall of Fame accomplishment: guiding the implementation of the Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC). That protocol guards against scams, increases safeguards and detects attempts to impersonate legitimate websites, enabling Internet users to be sure we are visiting a secure site.
When the DNSSEC protocol was introduced in 1999, stubbornness was definitely needed, as its acceptance was far from assured. From 1987 to 1997, Eklund Löwinder says, “Sweden was stuck with X.25. That was a requirement of the Swedish government. No one was allowed to bring in IP.”
Eklund Löwinder earned her degree in Computer Science from the University of Stockholm, and well understood the superiority of the Internet Protocol. For a number of years, she had been working for a Swedish agency responsible for all government IT procurement. “I happened to meet some people, who were working with TCP/IP, and learned a lot about it from them,” she recalls. “So I soon realized that IP was far better.” And when DNSSEC was introduced in 1999, to help assure the validity of all the domains in the Internet’s Domain Name System (...
The month that features Valentine’s Day brings lots of news-media love to the Internet Hall of Fame. Here are some of the stories we spotted about our inductees:
- Internet Hall of Famer Jimmy Wales told readers of the Washington Post why he’s decided to lead a British cellphone business that donates 10% of your monthly bill to a charity of your choice.
- Internet Hall of Famer Tim Berners-Lee (watch his typically humble acceptance speech) joined more than 100,000 others in signing petitions Feb. 11 to “Fight Back” against mass surveillance.
- Safecast, a firm that crowdsources radiation levels worldwide and that was the brainchild of Internet Hall of Fame Advisory Board alum...
In 1973, Robert Metcalfe was “the networking guy” at Xerox PARC in California, and PARC had a problem.
In Metcalfe’s building there in Palo Alto, scientists were busily carrying out their own individual activities, but they clearly needed to be connected to one another, and to the great research universities. The ARPANET, the predecessor of the Internet, was in its infancy, and the trick was going to be to extend it into the building. (“Also,” he notes, “to enable us all to print on our new 500-dpi, page-per-second laser printer.”)
To 26-year-old Metcalfe, a newly-minted PhD in computer networking, making that connection was the challenge of a lifetime. He relished what he calls his “good fortune to be the first person in the world to be given the problem of connecting a roomful of computers.”
Metcalfe’s wildly successful response to that challenge was nothing less than the co-invention, with colleague David Boggs, of Ethernet – the technology for creating what eventually would come to be called local area networks (LANs) using coaxial cable.
Today, Ethernet connections are so familiar that it seems as if the technology has always been there. Only it hasn’t. PARC scientists could send out electronic packets of information, but they couldn’t get information back...
There has been a lot happening in Internet Hall of Fame-related news recently. Here are just a few of the highlights:
- Inaugural Internet Hall of Famers Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn, in separate interviews with the New York Times on Dec. 30, offer slightly differing views on the hot-button issue of network neutrality and the future of the Internet.
- Internet Hall of Famer Jimmy Wales advises entrepreneurs at the TEDx conference in Tampa, FL to fail faster: “If your project is doomed, shut it down quickly.” The problem, he said, is not failure, but rather letting yourself “tie your ego to any one project.”
- At a conference in London in December, Internet Hall of Famer Richard Stallman called for a “truly anonymous” crypto-currency that will “...
“How We Create the Internet,” by Internet Hall of Fame Advisory Board member Andreu Veà, is a thoroughly engrossing new book about the Internet, its history, and the people who built it. Veà, founder and current president of the Internet Society’s Spanish Chapter, provides readers with hundreds of personal stories, in their own words, from those who have created the Internet.
But don’t take our word for it: Here’s what three Internet Hall of Famers are saying.
Vint Cerf, co-inventor of the Internet: “In this book, Dr. Veà blazes a trail for historians to follow. I am convinced that his contribution will represent a global landmark in the field, occupying the attention of serious scholars for many years.”
Paul Mockapetris, inventor of the Domain Name System: “At last, we can get first-person reports about the creation of the Internet, and analysis of what it means, by an accomplished scholar. The agreements, conflicts and human side are all here.”
And Ray Tomlinson, inventor of email, says the book “brings together the...