By Leonard Kleinrock
Editor’s Note: A simple, two-line entry into an academic activity log at UCLA 50 years ago today helped mark the Internet's rather inconspicuous beginnings – when it was still being developed as ARPANET technology and wasn’t yet available for use by academics and researchers – let alone public, commercial applications.
2012 Internet Hall of Fame inductee Leonard Kleinrock was leading the team at UCLA responsible for this two-line entry, dated October 29, 1969, which undramatically stated, “Talked to SRI Host to Host.” This straightforward memo belied the event’s eventual impact: it was, in fact, the very first connection two computers had made in the experimental network.
That first connection ultimately crashed, but the global Internet that resulted has gone on to create billions of connections among people all over the world. In ways both good and bad. On the anniversary of that first connection, Dr. Kleinrock has shared with us his thoughts about where the Internet will take us, and what the next iteration will look like.
On July 3, 1969, four months before the first message of the Internet was sent, I was quoted in a UCLA press release in which I articulated my vision of what the Internet would become. Much of that vision has been...
Part of the Internet Hall of Fame’s inaugural class, Kleinrock was one of the developers of ARPANET, the forerunner of the modern Internet. His laboratory at the University of California-Los Angeles hosted the first ARPANET node computer and in October 1969, directed the network’s first transmission.
In a recent interview with the ...
The librarian who coined the phrase “surfing the net” will be the first to tell you that navigating the Internet is nowhere near as easy as changing the channel.
A 2019 Internet Hall of Fame inductee, Jean Armour Polly was among the first librarians in the country to facilitate library patrons’ Internet access after she convinced the Liverpool, New York, public library to buy an Apple desktop for public use.
Polly developed the phrase “surfing the net” in the early 1990s for an article she was writing at the time. In a recent interview with Syracuse.com, Polly acknowledged that the now ubiquitous phrase got some pushback from an unlikely source.
“I got some hate mail from surfers because they thought I was equating it with channel surfing,” she said. “It was not an easy thing to use the internet back then, so...really, I was agreeing with them that their sport is hard.”
Public library users looking for a web fix can thank Jean Armour Polly.
A 2019 Internet Hall of Fame inductee, Polly was among the first librarians in the country to facilitate patrons’ Internet access. After convincing the Liverpool, New York, public library to buy an Apple desktop for public use, she was eventually able to create a bulletin board system available to patrons after hours, then a dialup account for the library.
That, in turn, led to a nationwide tour in an effort to get other librarians to follow suit.
In a recent interview with Wired, Polly acknowledged that many of her peers did not welcome the web with open arms in its early days.
"The Internet was considered a competitor to librarians," Polly said. "There was a lot of skepticism about the authority of people on the Internet trying to tell you facts. Librarians, in general, did not embrace the Internet early on, certainly not for the general public."
Eleven individuals hailing from six countries around the world, including Peru, Japan, Brazil, Netherlands, Togo and the U.S., have been inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame for their pioneering and visionary contributions to the Internet’s global growth, access and security.
The inductees, who were honored at a special ceremony in San José, Costa Rica, have expanded the Internet’s reach into new regions and communities, helped foster a greater understanding of the way the Internet works, and enhanced security to increase user trust in the network.
“The Internet's design has always enabled people to see a problem, and get to work on solving it,” said Andrew Sullivan, Internet Society President and CEO. “This year's inductees have given us all great gifts of their creative approaches to issues they saw on the Internet. We can take inspiration from them to tackle the next round of challenges."
The 2019 inductees:
Adiel Akplogan (Africa) advanced the Internet in Africa and served as founding CEO of the Regional Internet Registry for Africa
Kimberly Claffy (United States) pioneered the field of Internet data...